IntelliJ IDEA is a Java IDE that provides comprehensive support for build tools like Ant, Maven and Gradle. Besides, it has a rich library of plugins to help you create any project as per your requirements.
Maven is a powerful project management tool that simplifies the whole process of building and maintaining a Java application. It also helps with documentation and version control. Moreover, it is easy to learn and use.
In this article, we will learn how to create maven project in intellij. Creating maven project is a simple process that requires few steps and a small amount of configuration.
First of all, we will enable the Maven build tool in IntelliJ IDEA. This can be done by right-clicking on the project and selecting the Maven option.
Selecting the Maven option opens the Maven configuration window where we can configure different maven settings for our project. We can change the default values and customize them as per our need.
For example, we can set the work offline option to ensure that the project remains open even if the computer is off. This option will save a lot of time and efforts when working on the project.
We can also set the output level for a maven project in IntelliJ IDEA. Choosing this option will ensure that the artifacts are generated in a single JAR file instead of several separate files.
This is especially helpful if you are developing a complex project that uses multiple modules.
Let us say, we have a Shared Library, Console App and Desktop App projects. Each of the projects has to make use of the CommonUtility class that is available in the Shared Library project.
To create the multi-module project, we need to set up the root project with pom packaging and the other two projects with jar or war packaging.
After that, we can create the maven project in IntelliJ IDEA by using the Maven Archetype plugin. The plugin enables us to create a maven project as per the specific archetype that is available on the Maven repository.
Among the available Archetypes, we can choose Quickstart for a simple maven project with few steps. This plugin will provide us a quick and simple maven project with all the required resources, like the source code, dependencies etc.
Once we have chosen the Quickstart archetype, we can click on Next and proceed with the rest of the steps in the Maven configuration window to setup the project.
When we are done, we can click on Finish and the maven project will be created. If you want to have a look at the project structure, then click on the Project tab in the main tool window. The project will be displayed with a similar structure as shown below.
In case if you have selected the Create Git repository checkbox, then IntelliJ IDEA will automatically create the directory with your new project and place it under version control. You can then use it as a reference for your other projects.